Western Mountain Ranges of Pakistan
Pakistan is home to many mountains ranges from north to west due to a wide range of mountains. It’s been attracted to many tourists, geologists and mountain climbers from all over the world. Western Mountain Ranges are less heightened as compared to Northern Mountain ranges. The valleys surrounded by mountains are mineralized and are also good for agriculture and farming. The pass-way through western mountain ranges are very important for economic and communication purposes.
Few Western Mountain Ranges of Pakistan are;
The Sulaiman Mountain Range:
The Sulaiman Mountain range is located in the north of Balochistan and in the west of the mighty river Indus and reaches to the Zabul province of Afghanistan. It lies at the border of the Indian Subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. The highest peak of the Sulaiman Mountain range is Takht.e.Sulaiman. Takht.e.Sulaiman means Sulaiman’s throne. It has an average height of 3487 meters or 11437 feet, which lies in Balochistan. Sulaiman Mountain range has been ranked as the fourth highest mountain range. It starts from the south-western part of the country and covers Balochistan province mainly. Western Mountain ranges have different physical features as compared to northern mountain ranges. Sulaiman Mountain range is less steep and is not much elevated. They are turned northwards from Murre Bhugti Hills and are extended to Quetta. In the south, they meet the Kirthar Mountain Range which unites into the region of Sindh which is known as Kohistan. Other than Takht.e.Sulaiman, Takatu is also one of the highest peaks of the Sulaiman Mountain range which is almost 3470 m high.
Koh-i- Sufaid Range:
The Koh.e.Sufaid Mountain range is also known as Spin Ghar. It is named Koh e Sufaid which means white mountain because they are always covered with snow. Koh e Sufaid Range is located at the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan, precisely it lies in eastern Afghanistan and ranges toward the northwestern area of Pakistan and is extended to Khyber Agency and Kurram Valley of Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. With an altitude of 4761 meters or 15620 ft. The highest peak of the Koh e Sufaid range is Sikeram that has an average height of 4760 meters. The Kabul River flows through the Koh e Safaid Mountains towards Indus Rivers. Koh e Safaid directly connects to Shandur top which is part of Hindu Kush mountain range. The Khyber pass crosses the ranges and Parachinar is the closest city near Koh e Safaid in Pakistan. The northern part of the Koh e Safaid is mainly barren whereas the main ranges have forests of pine, deodar cedar and gardens of mulberries, pomegranates and many other fruits. Since they are covered with snow throughout the year, there is a lot of moisture there.
The Kirthar Hill:
The Kirthar Hills lie in Sindh and Balochistan It ranges towards south about 300 kilometers from River Mula which is in Balochistan to Cape Muari – Arabian Sea. The height of the Kirthar hills is about 7056 feet and it is the highest peak of Sindh. Kirthar hill range is a few miles to the north-west of Gorakh Hill Station which is almost 5688 feet high. Kirthar Mountain ranges from the south of the Gomal River and lies between Balochistan Plateau and Indus Plains. On Murre Bhugti Hills they turn towards the north direction and lead to Quetta. It is surrounded by Kolachi River in the north and by Hab and Liyari River in the south. The locals of the Kirthar Mountain Ranges are Chutto of the Bhoootani tribe, Sindhi and Balochi tribes who continue by grazing their cattle and mostly travel on camels. The Kirthar hills are steepest in the north and west whereas are less steep in the south and the valley of Darhiyaro.